A farmer has to face many problems in his day to day work. Over and above the disturbances created by lost dogs, snooping cats and the children around, it is the attack of fungus and insects to the plants that keep the farmer worried. The skill of the farmer faces tremendous challenge to fight the pests and this is the most important part of a farmer’s occupation.
Only a healthy environment in the garden is considered as an essential feature for pest prevention and control. It is the condition of the soil for which the damage happens and insects and fungus play a role. The most significant aspect is the clean conditions of the soil both inside and top that would repel insects and pests. These useless creatures need garbage to grow on. They reside in and beneath weeds, about hedge buttons and in the soil. They prefer old and decayed wood for cover for snails, millipedes and woodlice. Pest eggs, larva and many kinds of fungus live and survive without any disturbance in the soil. Exposure of soil to the sunrays is done by regular cultivation of the soil both before and after planting. Sterilizing rays of sunlight exposes insect eggs that catch the attention of birds especially the ROBIN. Loosening the weed during crop growth weakens the pest’s grip on the soil. .
Ventilation is another helpful action in controlling pests. Moist and still air promotes mildew and blight easily. Right spacing of plants permits air to pass, and minimizes humidity of the soil that are advantageous to growth. Sunlight counters against many plant diseases and pest including the checking of blight. Right spacing, cutting high hedges, and cautious pruning of trees make certain that every part of the garden receives a good amount of sunlight everyday.
Reproduction of disease resistant strains of seeds, plants and vegetable are promoted to eliminate plant problem as a long term policy. Particular types of seeds are known to be resistant in some soils developing into healthy seedlings which can be found out easily in seed catalogues.
Garden pests can be destroyed by spraying chemical pesticides very easily. Uses of chemical processes of pest control provide partial solution to the problem. The natural preventive process provides a comprehensive approach to pest control without making any negative effect in the environmental balance.
Every farmer has grown beans in their gardens. When they are 6-7 inches long and subtle, they are picked for sale. The idea of growing them, although originated in 1940, is described here as the ‘September Tip’. In this way, most of all vegetables can be grown with added advantage. The process starts in the month of September, wherein the bean stem is chopped at 6 inches from the root along with the leaves. After 2 weeks, you will find new shoots growing from the same place. The plants with nearly 1 inch long shoot are taken out and potted up. The plants are then left till October to save from the frost. Fresh beans can be picked by the Christmas time. After this period, you can sprinkle dust fertilizers on the plant by hand which may not be necessary at all. You can fetch high prices for your beans. Growing useful vegetables are not very hard task to a farmer, if he remembers the blessing of the nature and utilize the natural methods. He can have enough produce as well as maintain the sanctity of the soil.